Vaccines are the most effective weapons in preventing a number of diseases, not only in childhood, but in all ages. Most vaccines that will protect your child against serious illnesses – such as measles, whooping cough and meningitis – are concentrated up to 15 months of age with boosters up to five years.
However, there are doses that must be taken after this time to complete the childhood vaccination schedule.
In today’s post, we have listed 13 vaccines for children under 10 years of age. Before, however, see some recommendations.
- Avoid delaying doses and properly follow the vaccination schedule to ensure your child’s immunization.
- Do not anticipate the baby’s vaccines because your immune system is immature and it is necessary to have the full months indicated for each dose.
- Carefully store the vaccination card and leave it on hand whenever you vaccinate the child. Therefore, if there is a delayed dose, the vaccination schedule may be corrected.
- It is normal for the child to have reactions, such as fever and local pain, after receiving some vaccines. If in doubt, talk to your pediatrician.
- Stay tuned for changes in the National Vaccination Calendar. The Ministry of Health reviews it periodically, including vaccines or changing doses.
Major vaccines for children
Watch for these points raised and, in possession of the vaccination card, you will be able to know the doses that are lacking – and of which vaccines. Check out the main ones:
The BCG vaccine protects against SERIOUS forms of tuberculosis. It should be applied in the first month of life, in the right arm and the reaction occurs in the following weeks, and only have local care such as cleaning with soap and water.
2. Hepatitis B
The vaccine is very safe and effective, with a protection of more than 95%. It can be applied from the first day of life and is recommended within the first 12 hours after birth to prevent transmission of the virus from mother to child.
The vaccine should be given in three doses: the first two with one month interval and the third, six months after the first.
3. Hepatitis A
The hepatitis A vaccine has entered the basic vaccination schedule in this year 2017. It is a single dose administered to children 15-23 months.
4. Penta / DTP
The Penta / DTP vaccine offers protection against five diseases:
Infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria.
It is given at 2, 4 and 6 months of life and has reinforcement on two occasions: at 15 months and at 4 years.
5. VIP / VOP
The VIP / VOP vaccine protects against poliomyelitis – infantile paralysis. It is applied at 2, 4 and 6 months of life.
Reinforcements should be taken at 15 months and at 4 years – and also during the annual multivac- tion campaigns.
The first three doses are from Poliomyelitis Inactivated Vaccine (VIP), injectable. The other reinforcements are usually with attenuated virus (VOP) in droplets.
6. Pneumococcal 10-valent
10-valent pneumococcal guarantees protection against ten subtypes of pneumococcus bacteria. There are two doses: at 2 and 4 months. Reinforcement is done at 12 months.
In the private clinic and clinics the pneumococcal is 13-valent and protects against three more types of pneumococcus, in addition to those offered by the public network, increasing the protection of the baby.
The rotavirus vaccine is taken in two doses: at 2 and 4 months (Attention should be paid to this period because the vaccine can not be performed after this time.)
Rotavirus causes gastrointestinal infection and is serious for babies, and can lead to death from dehydration.
8. Meningococcal C
Meningococcal C is applied at 3 and 5 months, with a booster at 12 months.
It protects against C meningitis – a disease that can cause deafness and permanent brain damage.
9. Yellow Fever
The yellow fever vaccine is taken at 9 months with a single dose. There was a booster at 10 years, but there was a change in the vaccination schedule and that dose is no longer needed, only for areas at risk.
10. Viral Triple
The triple virus protects against measles, rubella and mumps. It is the virus vaccine made available on the public network. Two doses should be applied, the first at 12 months of age, a booster at 15 months and another between 4 and 6 years of age.
11. Viral Tetra
Tetra viral is not available through the public network and provides protection for one more virus. In addition to measles, mumps and rubella, it also protects against chicken pox (chicken pox). It is applied at 15 months in the reinforcement of the Viral Triple.
The flu vaccine (Influenza) should be taken every year by children from six months to five years.
The HPV vaccine is for girls ages 9 to 14 – and also for boys 12 to 13 years old.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted sexually and is related to cervical cancer.
Therefore, the goal is to immunize children well before the onset of sexual life, thereby reducing the rates of this type of cancer.